Hyperuricemia is a condition in the body where there are high levels of uric acid present in the blood. This condition can be caused by an increase in the production of uric acid and a set back on the excretion of the acid from the kidney. Hyperuricemia can also be caused by obesity, chemotherapy, cancer, some medications, existing kidney diseases, diabetes, enzyme disorders, genes, and even poor diet. When there are high levels of uric acid in the blood, you might experience inflammation in your joints and you might suffer from extreme pain because of it. This condition is called gout.
Uric acid crystals are formed and get accumulated in the joints causing it swell and ache. Patients with gout would usually suffer from attacks for a week or even longer. Numerous gout attacks and unmonitored uric acid levels could also cause tophi. Tophi is crystallized uric acid that forms under the skin. You might also experience some pain in your lower back and groin. This could mean that your kidneys are suffering from high levels of uric acid. Renal stones can be formed in the kidneys because of the excess uric acid that has accumulated and wasn’t excreted. These stones can cause vomiting, nausea, and discharge of blood through the urine. If hyperuricemia is not treated immediately, you might also experience some rapid breathing and confusion. Worst cases can lead to coma, shock, or even death. Treatment for hyperuricemia can vary on a case to case basis. However, most doctors would recommend the same type of diet and lifestyle change in order for a patient to recover faster and prevent the symptoms or related diseases from occurring again. If you are constantly experiencing any of the symptoms of hyperuricemia, your doctor would probably ask you to take some uric acid support supplement or some medication to reduce the levels of uric acid in your body.
You might also be prescribed some painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to suppress the pain you would be feeling. Your doctor might also put you in a strict diet to help lower your uric acid. Foods that contain fiber, vitamin C and antioxidants are very effective in treating hyperuricemia. Avoid purine-rich foods, salt, sugar, alcohol, and caffeine to prevent worsening the condition. Water is very important as it would wash out unwanted substances from the body. A helpful workout plan would also be needed if you are overweight. Some exercises would also help ease the pain, especially if you have had gout attacks. You should also be diligent in following up with your doctor about your condition. You might need to take some tests as well to make sure that you have not acquired other diseases because of hyperuricemia. Have your sugar level checked, your blood pressure and also your cholesterol levels. If you are not sure whether you have high uric acid levels or not you can take a uric acid test. You can ask your doctor about taking such tests and also ask advice about preventative measures.